The Hadzabe and Datoga tribes generally reside around Lake Eyasi just south of the Ngorongoro Conservation area in Northern Tanzania. Hadzabe, are the last remaining ancestors of the original hunter and gatherer people who first inhabited Tanzania while the Datoga people migrated from the North. These two tribes have a somewhat symbiotic relationship and thus have thrived together in this environment for over 400-years despite the vast language barrier
The Hadzabe are skilled hunters and use several creative methods to attract wild animals and birds within range of their arrows. They often may use horns of an antelope attaching them to their head while mimicking animals’ characteristic bobbing which draws other curious animals closer. They also may hide under an animal skin and wait for vultures to land and easily be caught. Hadzabe supplement their diet with roots tubers plants and honey.
Hunting and honey gathering are predominantly male activities while women and children forage for roots and fruits. Hadzabe are opportunists when it comes to hunting but they consider baboons to be their greatest delicacy. Baboon fur is worn by the men while the women usually wear impala skins. Their huts are made of grass woven by the women, and can be constructed in a mere matter of hours. Interestingly, Hadzabe are not from Bantu decent like the other ethnic groups of Tanzania, but have more in common with San Bushmen found in Kalahari Desert of southern Africa nearly 2000 miles away. They are small in stature physically slight and have lighter colored skin than most Africans. Their language contains click sounds as that of Bushmen however, a number of researchers have concluded that
- Visit the Hadzabe and Datoga communities to explore their way of life.
- Discover the plant species used by Hadzabe for making their poison arrows and learn about the methods used in extracting such potent substances.
- Go foraging with locals for some indigenous plants, roots, fruits, herbs and seeds that are used as food and medicine by Hadzabe and Datoga community.
- Participate in hunting and wild honey gathering.
- Try your hand at archery using locally constructed bow and arrows.
- Join the Hadzabe for a hiking adventure to visit caves and view intricate rock paintings
- Visit Datoga blacksmiths to witness their skills and techniques.
- Meet traditional Healers and discover herbs they use to treat various diseases.